Fort San Pedro: Philippines' Oldest and Smallest Fort

Fort San Pedro is among the more recognizable historical landmarks in Cebu City. It is located adjacent to Plaza Independencia, Aduana, and Pier 1. The street address is Antonio Pigafetta Street, Cebu City. It is also referred to as the Cotta. On certain times of the year, tourism interns act as guides within the attraction. They give free tours although tip are much appreciated.

Quick Facts:

  • The smallest and oldest triangular bastion fort in the Philippines
  • The structure was built in 1738 to repel Muslim raiders
  • It served as the nucleus of the first Spanish settlement in the country
  • It's three bastions were named La Concepcion, Ignacio de Loyola and San Miguel
  • Total inside area is 21,800 square feet or 2,025 square meters
  • The walls are 20 feet high (6.1 meters) and and 8 feet thick (2.4 meters)
  • The towers are 30 feet high (9.1 meters)
  • Fourteen cannons were installed inside this military camp
  • The Cuerpo de Guardia is the largest building within Fort San Pedro
  • The living quarters of the lieutenant was called Vivendi del Teniente
  • Attached to the walls of the bastion San Miguel was the Alamazoros del Rivera or powder magazine
  • The fort was named after the flagship of the Legaspi expedition.
Fort San Pedro in Cebu City
Fort San Pedro in Cebu City