The Cebu Heritage Monument on Old Parian Plaza

One of the more modern reminders to Cebu's rich cultural heritage and history is the Heritage of Cebu Monument. The monument is built on the original Plaza Parian. The Parian district used to be the center of trade and culture in Spanish-era Cebu City.

Parian is also Cebu's old Chinatown district. It is where Chinese traders abound in the past. The idea for the memorial was conceptualized by Eduardo Castrillo, a multi-awarded sculptor. The monument was constructed between 1997 and 2000. Inauguration was done on 8 December 2000.

Heritage of Cebu Monument
The Cebu Heritage Monument

What You Will See at the Heritage of Cebu Monument

The Heritageof Cebu Monument is a mammoth structure. It depicts several significant events in the very rich history of the Philippines' oldest city and nearby. These events are the Battle of Mactan, the conversion of Rajah Humabon from paganism to Christianity, and the local revolt against Spanish colonial rule. It also portrays the Cebuano's deep reverence and veneration to the holy image of the Sto. Nino and the beatification of the second Filipino saint San Pedro Calungsod. There are also other elements. Cebu's Grand Old Man and former president of the Philippines Sergio Osmena Sr. is remembered. There is a Roman Catholic holy mass portrayed. The galleon trade between Mexico and the Philippines is also part of the monument.

The Grand Old Man of Cebu

Cebu's Grand Old Man at the Heritage of Cebu Monument
Cebu's Grand Old Man
Don Sergio Osmeña Sr. is the Grand Old Man of Cebu. He is the first president of the Philippines that came from the Visayas and Mindanao. His September 9th birthday is celebrated as a holiday in the entire province of Cebu.

Cebuano's Deep Devotion to the Señor Santo Niño

Cebuanos' deep devotion to the Holy Infant at the Heritage of Cebu Monument
Cebuano's deep devotion to the Holy Infant
Cebuanos have a deep devotion to the Señor Santo Niño. The world-famous Sinulog Festival in January is dedicated to the Holy Infant. The Basilica Minore del Sto. Niño is also the oldest Roman Catholic parish in the Philippines.

San Pedro Calungsod

San Pedro Calungsod at the Heritage of Cebu Monument
San Pedro Calungsod
San Pedro Calungsod is the second Filipino to be beatified as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. The first was San Lorenzo Ruiz. Calungsod is widely accepted as a Cebuano from the southern town of Ginatilan. There are claims that he comes from Iloilo or other places in the Visayas as well. He is known to have done some missionary work in Guam where he died as a martyr.

Cebu Revolts Against Spanish Rule

Cebu's revolt against Spanish rule at the Heritage of Cebu Monument
Cebu's revolt against Spanish rule
Cebuanos revolted against Spanish rule in the late 1890's. There is even an account that the Spanish actually granted sovereignty to Cebu and the Visayas ahead of Luzon. Key historical figures in Cebu are General Arcadio Maxilom and Pantaleon Villegas.

Catholicism in Cebu

Holy mass at the Heritage of Cebu Monument
Holy mass
Most Cebuanos belong to the Roman Catholic faith. After all, Cebu is the birthplace of Christianity in Asia. Ferdinand Magellan Christianized Rajah Humabon and his followers in 1521.

Galleon Trade

Galleon trade at the Heritage of Cebu Monument
Galleon trade
The Galleon Trade in the 1500's to the 1800's was largely between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico. But Cebu was also part of that trade.

Photos of the area around the Old Plaza Parian are reprinted on tarpaulins. These posters are displayed on the fence that surround the Heritage of Cebu Monument.

Old photos of Parian at the Heritage of Cebu Monument
Old photos of Parian

Parian Fire Station

Right beside the monument is the Parian Fire Station. The fire station was built in 1954. It is built on the foundations of the old Parian church.

Parian Fire Station near the Heritage of Cebu Monument
Parian Fire Station

Around the Heritage of Cebu Monument and nearby are other historical landmarks and other tourist attractions:
  1. Calle Colon marker or obelisk
  2. Yap-Sandiego Ancestral House
  3. Museo Parian sa Sugbu at The Jesuit House of 1730
  4. Casa Gorordo
  5. Cebu Archdiocesan Museum
  6. Plaza Hamabar
  7. Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral
  8. Museo Sugbo
  9. Basilica Minore del Sto. Niño
  10. Magellan's Cross
  11. Plaza Sugbu
  12. Plaza Recoletos
  13. Plaza Independencia
  14. Fort San Pedro

Have you bee to the Heritage of Cebu Monument in Cebu City? What are your thoughts about it? Let us know in the comments below.


Hoven Andre Encontro said...

When I was a kid, I used to have dropped jaws every time we pass by parian

Ram Kuizon said...

The thing I like the most about this place is that it tells a story which young generation may have forgot. Thanks for sharing!

cheers from

Rea Alducente said...

I pass by this place a lot yet I don't know anything about it. Thanks for sharing!

Cheryl F said...

Always pass this place but never got the chance really stop by. I thought at first it's just an ordinary monument. Thanks for sharing. Naa nsad koy bag o today :)

Isabeau Jane Gomez said...

now that I work downtown, I get to appreciate the rustic feel of this part of the city. On a not so humid day, I might do my own walk about.

Rose Angelie said...

It's been a while since I last visited this place. Hopefully soon maka stop by ko. :)

Rica Lanojan said...

Its close to sandiego yap ancestral house.. the last time I visited parian was 2 yrs ago.. Im always amazed with the beautiful heritage places we have beautiful here in Cebu..

Thnx for sharing!

Rica |

Anne M said...

This monument has always made my jaw drop in awe and amazement! It's a beautiful art and a historic masterpiece as well. I always bring my relatives here every time they visit Cebu.

Hanna Frejoles said...

I will certainly visit this place soon. Daghana jud diay interesting nga lugar dris Cebu.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

Sayang noh, some places weren't preserved well.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

True, and I hope this helps the younger generation appreciate the past even more.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

Now you know, haha. Parian used to be the center of trade and culture in Cebu.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

There's actually a lot of places in Cebu that seem ordinary but is of great heritage value.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

There's a lotta history to discover that part of the city.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

Yup, very near Yap-Sandiego house. This one's built on the old Plaza Parian.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

Yup, a lot of heritage places as well as natural beauty too.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

Truly a great marriage of art and heritage!

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

Hope you enjoy it!

Alyssa Panghulan said...

Halaa. I've always passed by here when I was studying pa. I think the last time I was here was when we had a feeding program near here for our NSTP and ReEd xD

Romeo Nicolas Bonsocan said...

Looking back is always necessary to move forward with a good heart.

Carlo Andrew Olano said...

I always want to stop by here when I am driving but I never get the chance. I might take a selfie here during the Sinulog week.

Ramzy Magbitang said...

Back when I lived around the Pari-an area, I would always take a second to look and marvel at the monument.
It really serves a great purpose in commemorating the Cebuano form of art and heritage.

Katherine Anne Cutar said...

Na amaze jud ko ani bisag sauna pa, hangtod karun! I mean nindot kaayo siya nga landmark gud plus it symbolizes pajud sa atong heritage!

x, Kat of Nested Thoughts

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

It looks like an ordinary place ra noh? But where that monument stands is the Old Parian Plaza dating back to the Spanish colonial era.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

True that. It is important to learn lessons from the past, not necessarily dwell on it.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

I got the chance to drop by here when I attended the Mega Cebu kickoff then again when I read about that Bisita sa Parian event. Otherwise, this is a part of the city I seldom visit.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

I can't help but marvel about this masterpiece too! It's just huge and I always wonder at the work it took to build this to be truly representing the heritage of Cebu.

Thaddeau II Engaling said...

True that, amazing and truly representative of Cebuano heritage. I also hope they do more preserving the heritage in this area especially estero de parian and that 1920 bridge nearby.

Bjornson Bernales said...

This is a Cebu heritage that should not be known in vain.

The surrounding area bordering this heritage should be secured so tourists will often visit the site even at night.